Smoking and health risks
Cigarette smoking affects nearly every organ in the body, causes a variety of diseases, and decreases smokers’ overall health. Quitting smoking reduces your risk of smoking-related diseases and can extend your life by several years.
1.Death and Smoking
Smoking and health risks Smoking in the United States is the largest preventable cause of death. Cigarette smoking causes about 480,000 deaths annually. This equates to approximately one in every five deaths.Each year, smoking kills more people than the following causes combined:
-HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (HIV)
-The usage of illegal drugs
-Injuries caused by motor vehicles
-Incidents involving firearms
More than ten times as many Americans have died prematurely as a result of cigarette smoking than have died in all of the United States’ conflicts combined.about 90% (or 9 out of 10) of all lung cancer fatalities are caused by smoking. Lung cancer claims the lives of more women each year than breast cancer.about 80% (or 8 out of 10) of all deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease are caused by smoking (COPD).In both men and women, cigarette smoking raises the chance of death from any cause.In the United States, the chance of dying from cigarette smoking has grown over the last 50 years. Read more
2.Increased Health Risks as a Result of Smoking
Heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer are more common in smokers than
nonsmokers.according to estimates, smoking raises the following risks
-By 2 to 4 times for coronary heart disease
-Increase the number of strokes by 2 to 4 times
-Men are 25 times more likely than women to have lung cancer.
-Women are 25.7 times more likely than males to have lung cancer.
Smoking has been linked to decreased general health, higher work absenteeism, and increased healthcare consumption and costs.
3.Cardiovascular Disease and Smoking
Smoking and health risks
Smokers are more likely to develop diseases of the heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular disease).Stroke and coronary heart disease are two of the most common causes of death in the United States, and both are caused by smoking.even persons who smoke fewer than five cigarettes per day can show indications of cardiovascular disease in their early stages.smoking harms blood arteries, causing them to thicken and narrow. Your heart will beat faster and your blood pressure will rise as a result of this. Clots can occur as well. A stroke happens when the following occurs:
-A clot prevents blood from flowing to a portion of your brain;
-In or around your brain, a blood vessel bursts.
-Smoking-related blockages might restrict blood flow to your legs and skin.
4.Respiratory Disease and Smoking
Smoking damages your airways and the little air sacs (alveoli) in your lungs, which can lead to lung disease.
COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis, is a lung disease caused by cigarette smoking.the majority of lung cancer cases are caused by cigarettes.If you have asthma, cigarette smoke may cause or worsen an attack.Smokers are 12 to 13 times more likely than nonsmokers to die from COPD.
5.Cancer and Smoking
Smoking can lead to cancer in practically any part of the body: Lung, bronchus, and trachea; Mouth and throat (oral cavity and pharynx); Esophagus, voice box (larynx); Lung, bronchus, and trachea Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a kind of leukemia that affects the white Stomach; Uterine cervix; Pancreas; Urinary bladder; Colon and rectum; Liver; Kidney and renal pelvis; Stomach; Uterine cervix; Pancreas; Urinary bladder; Colon and rectum.
In cancer patients and survivors, smoking increases the risk of dying from cancer and other diseases. One out of every three cancer deaths in the United States would be avoided if no one smoked.
6.smoking Use and Other Health Hazards
Smoking is harmful to practically every organ in the body and has a negative impact on one’s overall health.smoking can make it more difficult for a woman to conceive. It can also have an impact on the health of the baby both before and after birth. Smoking raises your chances of developing:
-Early (preterm) delivery
-Stillbirth is a term used to describe a situation in which (death of the baby before birth)
-Weight at birth is low
-Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
-Pregnancy with an ectopic fetus
-Infants with orofacial clefts
Men’s sperm can be affected by smoking, which can diminish fertility and raise the chance of birth abnormalities and miscarriage.smoking has been shown to have a negative impact on bone health.Women who smoke after childbearing age have poorer bones than women who have never smoked. They’re also more likely to break bones.
Smoking is bad for your teeth and gums, and it can lead to tooth loss.moking raises your chances of developing cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens that makes it difficult to see). It also has the potential to cause age-related macular degeneration (AMD). A small region near the center of the retina, the component of the eye required for central vision, is damaged by AMD.
Smoking causes type 2 diabetes and makes it more difficult to manage. Active smokers have a 30–40 percent increased chance of acquiring diabetes than nonsmokers.smoking has a variety of negative impacts on the body, including inflammation and a weakened immune system.rheumatoid arthritis can also be caused by smoking.
7.Quitting and Lowering Your Risk
Quitting smoking lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease. After quitting smoking for a year, your chances of having a heart attack reduce dramatically.Your risk of stroke may drop to about that of a nonsmoker within 2 to 5 years of stopping smoking.
Within 5 years of quitting smoking, your chances of developing malignancies of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder are cut in half.after quitting smoking for ten years, your chances of dying from lung cancer are cut in half.
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