Information about a female horse, the horse is considered a mammal, and humans began to domesticate it before about 4000 BC, and it is believed that its domestication was widespread by 3000 BC, and the horse can be domesticated or wild, and the horse is distinguished by its high speed, due to its need to escape from predators. Also, it is determined by its high ability on balance and endurance; therefore, before the invention of automated vehicles, the horse was used as a pulling animal to pull equipment, wagons, and heavy objects as a means of transportation, and it was also an essential element in all kinds of wars in the past, and when the horse reached the name of the male stallion and the name of the female horsemare.
A female horse is called a mare, specifically when she reaches three years of age, and the name of a filly is given to a female horse under the age of three years, but in a horse race, the name mare is given to a female horse over four years old, and the mare bears young foals for a period of up to eleven months from pregnancy until Childbirth, the average pregnancy of the female ranges from 320-370 days, and usually one foal is born, and twins are rare, when the domesticated female gives birth, she takes care of her child up to six months, then weaning it, and the female who lives in the wilderness and plains takes care of her foal until the year, and the female horse has what It is known as the umbilical cycle or the cycle of estrus which it is somewhat similar to the menstrual cycle in females, and it occurs approximately every 19-22 days, and emerges from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, and in the winter – when the day is short – the female enters a period of anesthesia and this cycle stops. This prevents her from getting pregnant during the winter, as the foal cannot survive on land.
The behavior of a female horse
The female horse is known to be easier to handle than a stallion, and despite that, she has a bad reputation sometimes – although she does not deserve it – for becoming eccentric and somewhat hostile at the start of her estrus cycle, and although she is very irritable during this cycle, In all of their cases, they are considered easier to handle than stallions, as vigorous training reduces their hormonal behavior, and sometimes in the field of racing they are given some drugs to control their hormonal behavior, and some breeders use herbal remedies, which have not been tested widely to ensure their effectiveness.
Human benefit from the female horse
Female horses are used in individual sports and group races, and usually compete on an equal footing with stallions in some sporting events, but sometimes races are reserved for a specific gender, either males or females, so there are female races only, and in general a small percentage of females compete With stallions, however, a few of them won in the classic races against stallions, and other uses for the female are their use as animals for dairy production in some cultures, especially by nomads and former travelers, fermented mare’s milk known as kumis, is the national drink in Kyrgyzstan, a country of Countries of the Asian continent, and some breeders preserve the urine of a pregnant female in North America countries, because the urine of a pregnant horse is the source of the active ingredient in the hormone drug Premarin, and the Arabs in the past preferred the female to the male in launching raids, because the male could make sounds that alert the horses of the opposing camps, As for the female horse, she remains calm.
Female horse food
A female horse is a herbivore, but some people believe she only eats grass, hay, and barley. These foods indeed make up the bulk of her diet – she usually grazes throughout the day at intervals and increases the amount of what she feeds each time, and some females can only survive By eating hay and grass – but some, especially pregnant women, also eat fruits and some concentrates. These concentrates consist of a mixture of grains such as corn and oats and often contain vitamins, minerals, and mineral salts added to make them more nutritious, and these concentrates benefit the female who races in horse races or In any sport, she needs additional nutrition to be able to perform her task to the fullest.
How to care for a pregnant horse
Caring for a pregnant horse may seem a daunting task, but it is a worthwhile endeavor, and this care must begin by providing a warm, clean and comfortable place, and it is preferable to separate her from the rest of the horses or to keep her away from them if there is no particular place, this protects her from serious accidents or infectious diseases, and it is preferable to collect Pregnant females are with each other, and the pregnant female should not be transported in trucks or wagons, as this may expose her to the risk of miscarriage, and it is expected that the pregnant female will suffer from loss of appetite. Providing her with more nutrients than ever before, so she must be fed small, frequent meals, and if the female does not eat well, the foal will start to withdraw nutrients from fat and muscles from the female’s body, and this weakens her, making it difficult for her to take care of her foal after birth.
In addition to grass, alfalfa, barley, some fruits, and a lot of water, it is preferable to give supplements of calcium salt and phosphorous daily, and protein supplements can be given as well, and the activity of the pregnant female must be reduced during the first sixty days, that is, at the beginning of her pregnancy period, there is a significant risk to the fetus, it may die or be returned Absorbing it, it must maintain its relaxation and reduce its activity, and after the first sixty days it can return to its regular exercise, and when expected to be born, it is better to clean it with soap, clean the place of birth, and tie the hair of its tail to protect the foal and facilitate delivery.
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