Breed of Dogs, Classification by Group. For a very long time, multiple dogs were in human service. Little was paid to their appearance, as long as they were doing their job. Over time, humans have realized the potential of animals and especially the cost-effectiveness of making them work. From this moment on, a long process is gradually put in place to set limits, direct and classify dogs.
Emergence of clubs
Initially, dogs were used by humans to meet needs and assist them in their duties. Thus, many cattlemen had to carry carts, the shepherds took care of the driving and directing the herds, the rat trees were predestined to scare away vermin and hunting dogs to pursue, smell or bring back game. There was no accurate follow-up in the reproduction of the dogs – each of them was mated with the neighbour’s dog or a dog of the same type as theirs before being exported to other regions and the country. For this reason, it is always difficult to accurately determine the origins of a breed when it is ancient. Because we must be able to go back in time and look through the writings, scrolls, stained glass, paintings, all traces that would prove its existence at a given time. And most of the time, the early reports are due to many merchants, sailors, settlers, or explorers who travelled and discovered the different types of dogs. We get to know the “blue dog,” the “dog of the sleeve,” the “dog of the noon,” the “stable dog” … It’s hard to navigate all these appellations.
Then from the 16th and 17th centuries, we began to see more targeted reproductions. Breeders at the time sought to develop specific characteristics in a dog, either to give it a better sense of smell, make it faster, or more efficient in its function. But constantly to improve one’s abilities at work – beauty was not a criterion to be preferred. This is the beginning of the selection, and at the same time, we see the emergence of more and more detailed names for what will become dog breeds. In general, they correspond to the function of the animal followed by the country in which it is found as, for example, the “English Pointer,” the “Husky of Siberia” or by a detail characterizing it as “the yellow-haired retriever” that later became the Golden Retriever…
Finally, during the 18th century, the work of breeding intensified more and more, groups of breeders gathered to form clubs to protect and improve a particular breed. A way for enthusiasts, breeders, or amateurs to gather in the same place to share and work together on improving their dog or exchange on an activity that binds them all. From then on, things will accelerate, more and more clubs will be created, and will issue breed standards to dictate a standard line to be respected. It will also be the beginning of exhibitions in the acclimatization garden, competitions, education campaigns, and other activities aimed at making a breed known to more and more people and making it popular and accessible to all.
The Ancient Classification of Dogs
Before 1880, there were different types of classification. A first established by the French zoologist and palaeontologist Frédéric Cuvier, who in the 1820s had classified the dogs into three groups composed of several sections, according to the shape of the head and the length of the jaws, characters that he considered to be related to the degree of intelligence and olfactory power of the animal that possesses them:
Breed of Dogs, Classification by Group
I. Mastiffs. — Characterized by a more or less elongated head and parietal bones tend to get closer, the condyles of the lower jaw are on the same line as the upper molar teeth. All these dogs can be trained for hunting and especially for those who require more strength and courage than intelligence and skill.
SECTION 1. — Wild or half domesticated dogs, hunting in troops, such as goofy, Dhole, Pariah, Kupara, etc.
SECTION 2. — Domestic dogs, hunting in troops or alone, but using sight over smell; such as, for example, the dog from Albania, the greyhounds, the Dog of the Indians, etc.
Spaniels. — Characterized by their moderately elongated, parietal heads no longer tend to get closer, but on the contrary, spreading and bulging in such a way as to enlarge the brain box significantly and frontal sinuses. They’re the smartest of all dogs.
SECTION 3. — Herd-guard dogs, such as sheepdogs, wolf dogs, etc.
SECTION 4. ” Dogs that love water and joked about swimming. Examples: Newfoundland dog, Barbet, Water Peel
SECTION 5. — Stop dogs, hunting by smell only, and not killing game. Examples: the Braque, the sleeping dog, the Spaniel.
SECTION 6. — Common dogs are hunting in troops by smell, and killing game, such as fox dog (foxhound), hare dog (harrier), etc.
SECTION 7. — Guard dogs with no penchant for hunting, but used only in defence of man and his property—examples: the strong breed Dogue or Mastiff, the Bulldog, the Roquet, etc.
The current classification
Today, the breeds of dogs, still numerous, are divided into ten groups, all with sections, and each species has its number. Thus, we end up with a vocabulary focused on the use and morphology of dogs. It seems much more organized and makes it easier to find, among other things.
Breed of Dogs, Classification by Group
Group 1: All breeds of sheepdogs and cattle. For example, the Malinois, the Beauceron, the border collie…
Group 2: All Schnauzer and Pinscher dogs such as Schnauzers, Dogues, Cane Corso, Pinsher, Newfoundlands…
Group 3: Terrier breeds like Airedales Terrier, Borders Terrier, Bull Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier…
Group 4: Group all the Teckels, which some time ago formed four types of dachshund depending on the hair, today it is all alone.
Group 5: Gathers the so-called primitive or Spitz breeds example: the Siberian Husky, the Spitz, the Chow-chow, the Mexican Naked Dogs…
Group 6: Here are the hunting dogs, such as the basset hound, the beagle, the st Huber dog, the Dalmatian, the harrier…
Group 7: There are stopping dogs such as the English setter, the Breton spaniel, the Weimar heist, the English pointer…
Group 8: This is represented by the rapporteur dogs and game lifters. For example, the golden retriever, the labrador, the cocker spaniel Angeles, the barbet, the spaniel clumber.
Group 9: For breeds of pleasure and related dogs such as the King Charles rider, the French bulldog, the chihuahua, the Maltese bichon, the Brussels gryphon…
Group 10: Aimed at whippet, small Italian greyhound, borzoi, greyhound, Azawakh …
We hope to have touched on even a tiny aspect of dog breeds; read also.